Darfur is essentially the western third of the nation of Sudan; it runs along much of Sudan’s western border with Chad. From 2003 to 2015, over 400,000 Sudanese have fled danger in Sudan and have crossed that border and become official refugees.
These photographs are of a graduation ceremony at Djabal Refugee Camp in eastern Chad, sent in by a friend of ours who lives there. The students have earned certificates of achievement for completing classes on the Massalit language. Many Darfuris are illiterate in even their own tribal language. So many Zaghawa, Fur, Massalit and other tribes consider teaching their children to read and write in their tribe’s language to be essential.